Liver-of-Piacenza-Etruscan-astronomical-and-divination-artifact-replica

$29.76

Liver of Piacenza

Dimensions :-

Length - 9 cm / 3-5/8 inches
Width - 6 cm / 2-3/8 inches

The replica on offer is made of a limestone and quartzite composition stone and has an aged green / bronze colouration.

One of the most fascinating objects to have survived from the ancient world through chance discovery, is the 'Liver of Piacenza'.
It was found in an Italian field in the Piacenza province during the Autumn of 1877 and has a strong resemblance to examples found in Mesopotamia. This comparison is so similar it suggests a link either in trade or cultural cross pollination through legacy artifacts still in circulation during the Etruscan age.

The Piacenza example on offer is covered in Etruscan inscriptions and is divided into segments that contain the name of their principal deities.
This was used in conjunction with haruspicy.

The Etruscan's division of the night sky into 16 astrological houses has been well documented and here in this artifact it takes form in the outer rim inscription.
The liver was thus a model of the cosmos used in divination or to utilize in interpretation of omens.

One of it's principal uses was to note the position of lightning in the sky and where it struck was considered 'lucky times ahead' or the opposite with calamity just around the corner.
The god of lightning had his principal residence due north and if lighting struck there or north east this was considered a good omen while north west lightning was interpreted as bad.

Shipping from Australia

Processing time

1-3 business days

Estimated shipping times

  • North America : 1 - 3 weeks
  • Europe : 1 - 3 weeks
  • Australia, New Zealand and Oceania : 1 - 2 weeks
  • Asia Pacific : 1 - 3 weeks
  • Latin America and the Caribbean : 1 - 3 weeks
  • North Africa and the Middle East : 1 - 3 weeks
  • Sub-Saharan Africa : 1 - 3 weeks

I'll do my best to meet these shipping estimates, but can't guarantee them. Actual delivery time will depend on the shipping method you choose.

Customs and import taxes

Buyers are responsible for any customs and import taxes that may apply. I'm not responsible for delays due to customs.

Payment Options

Secure options
  • Accepts Etsy gift cards

Returns & Exchanges

I gladly accept returns and cancellations

Just contact me within: 5 days of delivery

Ship items back to me within: 14 days of delivery

Request a cancellation within: 2 days of purchase

I don't accept exchanges

But please contact me if you have any problems with your order.

The following items can't be returned or exchanged

Because of the nature of these items, unless they arrive damaged or defective, I can't accept returns for:

  • Custom or personalized orders
  • Perishable products (like food or flowers)
  • Digital downloads
  • Intimate items (for health/hygiene reasons)
  • Items on sale

Conditions of return

Buyers are responsible for return shipping costs. If the item is not returned in its original condition, the buyer is responsible for any loss in value.

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